Types of flutes
The flute is one of the oldest musical instruments made by man & has been in existence for approx 45,000 years.
We have listed the different types of flutes below, this will provide you with a greater understanding of the various kinds of flutes which exist.
When playing this flute, the player blows air straight across the edge of the mouthpiece. Some directly-blown flutes, have a duct which directs the air onto the edge & the air is blown into a traveling across a sharp edge. This kind of flute is known as a fipple flute, some examples are, whistles, recorders & tin whistles. The fipple provides the instrument with a distance timbre & it also makes the instrument easier to play.
The side-blown flute, is also known as the transverse flute. When playing the side blown flute, instead of blowing the end of the tube, you will use a hole on the side of the tube & this is what produces a tone. When playing this flute, its held either horizontally or sideways. Some examples of this instrument are the Concert Flute, Fife & Piccolo.
When playing the end-blown flute the player blows into the end of a tube or pipe.
Examples of this flute includes the Xiao, Ney & Danso.
The rim-blown flute is also known as the notched flute. When playing the rim-blown flute, the player blows across the top of a tube, the tube has a notch or a sharp edge, this causes the air to split.
Closed-Ended Flutes & Open-Ended Flutes
Examples of a closed-ended flute are pan pipes, ocarina, police whistle & xun.
Examples of an open ended flute are the concert flute & recorder.